1st Grade Curriculum

Grade Level Curriculum Guidelines

St. Martin of Tours Academy, in partnership with parents, is a Catholic parish elementary school that prepares students to be lifelong learners through a curriculum that has a strong moral, spiritual, and academic foundation. Students understand the need for peace and justice, and as responsible Catholics, are challenged to answer the call to service and become engaged citizens of the world.

Schoolwide Learning Expectations
Primary Grades

St. Martin of Tours Academy

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  • Recognizes that God is the creator and nurturer of all things; learns that the Bible is Jesus’ way of teaching us about God and His love for us
  • Realizes that we are God’s children
  • Participates in worship individually and as part of a community through the Eucharistic celebration
  • Recognizes that prayer is communication with God; sees that Mary is the Mother of God and our Mother, too
  • Experiences liturgical seasons and their themes, feast days, and celebrations
  • Learns that the Sacrament of Baptism celebrates our membership in the Christian family; recognizes our identity    as Catholic Christians
  • Begins developing personal responsibility, with decisions having consequences, living good lives with the  help of the Holy Spirit
  • Responds to the Christian message by serving others
  • Learns basic formal prayers; experiences various forms of prayer on a daily basis.


  • Recognizes words, phrases, short sentences with emphasis on literal meaning, including pre-primer words, primer words, word families, sequencing, cause and effect, and inflected endings
  • Reads grade-appropriate material
  • Gathers information from a variety of sources such as  charts, word books, atlas, maps, and graphs



  • Prints legibly, with correct size, shape, and spacing
  • Begins to write two to three sentences on a topic
  • Identifies and correctly uses contractions, present and past tenses
  • Begins to edit for capitalization, punctuation, and subject- verb agreement
  • Uses punctuation such as period, question mark, exclamation point, and comma
  • Uses standard spelling for high frequency words


  • Listens respectfully and attentively, asks questions
  • Uses complete sentences, appropriate vocabulary, and volume
  • Recites poems, retells stories, and relates personal experiences


  • Writes, compares, and orders whole numbers to 100
  • Learns place value of tens and ones
  • Identifies and knows the value of a penny, nickel, dime, and quarter
  • Recognizes wholes, halves, thirds, and fourths 
  • Memorizes addition and subtraction facts through 20
  • Counts by 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s with numbers to 100
  • Solves addition and subtraction problems with one-and  two-digit numbers without regrouping
  • Finds the sum of three one-digit numbers
  • Make reasonable estimates with quantities up to 100


  • Understands the meaning of the symbols +, -, =, >, <.
  • Begins to understand the concept of unknowns (1+ x = 3)
  • Creates, completes, describes, and identifies simple patterns.


  • Compares the length, width, weight, and volume of two or more objects using direct comparison
  • Tells time to the hour and half hour, compares time related to events (before/after, elapsed time)
  • Knows the days of the week and the months of the year
  • Identifies and describes squares, circles, rectangles, and triangles
  • Recognizes cubes, spheres, cones, and cylinders


  • Sorts object by common attributes and describes the groups formed
  • Begins to compare data using picture, bar, and real graphs  as well as tallies


  • Begins to apply a variety of strategies to solve problems
  • Begins to use appropriate mathematical vocabulary
  • Explains the reasoning used and justifies the procedures selected


  • Identifies different forms (states) of matter – solid, liquid, or gas
  • Learns that three states of matter can change when mixed, cooled or heated


  • Knows that weather can be observed, measured, and described
  • Learns that weather is predictable in the four seasons


  • Identifies differences between living and nonliving things
  • Learns basic parts of plants and the ways people use plants
  • Identifies basic needs for survival of living things and  that living things grow and change


  • Learns about the five senses
  • Learns about proper nutrition, good eating habits and the five food groups
  • Develops an understanding of social skills in school and in the family, with emphasis on Christian values             and responsibilities
  • Understands the growth, development, and differences of town and country, city, suburb, and neighborhood
  • Understands the concept of the specialized work done in factories to manufacture, transport, and market             goods and services
  • Learns about the symbols and traditions of the United States
  • Identifies national heroes from our country’s history
  • Learns the location, environment, and some aspects of the people of Mexico and Canada
  • Learns about and celebrates national and cultural holidays
  • Learns basic map skills and use of an atlas
  • Demonstrates the ability to operate a computer
  • Learns the ways technology helps us
  • Uses a variety of software applications
  • Develops motor skills, balance, and ball skills through participation in relays, rhythmic activities, and agility games
  • Increases body skills and coordination through exercises and calisthenics
  • Develops sport skills and participates in track activities
  • Develops an understanding for physical health and nutrition


  • Learns about visual and tactile perception
  • Develops creative expression
  • Becomes familiar with visual art heritage
  • Participates in analysis and interpretation of art
  • Art is incorporated in thematic units throughout the curriculum


  • Introduced to concepts of beat, structure, pitch, form, tempo, dynamics, and tone
  • Develops creative expression through songs, rhythmic games, use of rhythm instruments
  • Experiences and develops attentive listening skills
  • Begins to understand historical and cultural heritage
  • Develops an appreciation of music
  • La Mesa Public Library
  • La Mesa Fire Station

Parents are encouraged to participate in daily reading. A variety of picture books and children’s storybooks are readily available at your local library.  Daily reading to your first grader is highly recommended.

Beginning Chapter Books

  • All I Can Read Series         
  • Ready to Read Series      
  • Step Into Reading Series

Some Suggested Reading Lists:

There is a Bird on Your Head! Willems   
One Monkey Too Many Kollar    
The Little Red Hen Pinkney  
The Three Silly Billies Palatini  
All for Pie and Pie for All Martin




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